Treatment Options for Gum Disease By Joan Kirschner on December 24, 2015

An older couple smilingAt Plymouth General Dentistry, we offer patients the finest dental care available, focusing on a combination of cosmetic and restorative dentistry procedures with an emphasis on wellness and aesthetics.

While many people think about the health of their teeth when it comes to dental wellness, periodontal health is just as important. With that in mind, let's take a brief look at gum disease.

About Gum Disease

Gum disease is an infection of the gum tissue. This is most often caused by the bacteria that naturally occurs in the mouth and is also responsible for tooth decay and bad breath. There are three stages of gum disease. In order from least severe to most severe, they are as follows:

  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis
  • Advanced periodontitis

It's always best to have gum disease treated in its earliest phases to minimize that damage that can be done to your smile.

The Consequences of Not Getting Gum Disease Treated

If you develop gum disease, early signs and symptoms include persistent bad breath, a strange taste in the mouth, swollen gums, discolored gums, irritated gums, and bleeding gum. In later stages of gum disease, you may experience gum recession, exposing more of your tooth root to potential decay that is more difficult to treat than regular tooth decay.

In advanced forms of gum disease, it's not uncommon to experience loose teeth, tooth misalignment, root canal infections, and tooth loss. Bone loss and severe problems with inflammation are common in these cases as well.

Treatments for the Infected Gum Tissue

The most common treatments for gum disease tend to involve the use of antiseptic rinses and antibiotics. This helps keep the oral bacteria under control, treating the condition topically and, if needed, internally.

The ideal antiseptic and/or antibiotic combination can be determined during your consultation. This will allow your situation to be fully assessed and properly addressed. Once the infection is under control, then restorative procedures can be initiated to repair any damage that has been done.

Treatments for the Effects of Gum Disease

Dentists have a number of restorative options for treating gum disease. To address gum recession, soft tissue augmentation may be performed to rebuild the missing areas of the gumline. If there is any tooth decay below the gumline, that will need to be addressed and restored before rebuilding the gumline.

If you have lost a tooth due to gum disease, that can be replaced thanks to the use of a dental bridge or perhaps a crown supported by a dental implant. More serious cases of tooth loss may require a denture to address.

As with getting the infection under control, the actual restorative treatment for the negative effects of gum disease will involve a full consultation in order for the amount of damage done to be addressed.

Tips for Preventing Gum Disease

To prevent gum disease from occurring, consider the following tips:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day
  • Floss your teeth at least at least once a night
  • Avoid smoking and the use of tobacco products
  • Stay well-hydrated by drinking water
  • Visit your dentist twice a year

Schedule a Visit to Plymouth General Dentistry

For more information about treating gum disease and helping your smile be its healthiest, be sure to contact our family dental care center today. The team at Plymouth General Dentistry will help you have the healthiest and most beautiful smiles possible.

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Joan Kirschner, DDS

Plymouth General Dentistry
Joan Kirschner, DDS

Plymouth General Dentistry is a friendly, patient-focused, privately owned practice. Dr. Joan Kirschner has practiced dentistry since 1983, and she is proud to be affiliated with:

  • The American Dental Association
  • The Academy of General Dentistry
  • The American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry
  • The New Hampshire Dental Society

You can request an appointment at our office by contacting us online or calling (603) 536-4301.

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